Divers are a group of aquatic birds breeding at water bodies in the tundra and taiga zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The German Bight is an important wintering area for the two diver species red- and black-throated diver.
So far, little has been known about origin and migration patterns of these birds. Within the framework of the DIVER-project, a total of 45 red-throated divers were fitted with satellite transmitters to investigate migration routes and movement patterns in especially the wintering area in the Eastern German Bight.
Major aims were to estimate potential threats and to develop suitable measures to protect diver species.
The results show extensive use of the eastern part of the German Bight as wintering area. Breeding areas of the tagged red-throated divers stretch from Greenland over Norway and Spitsbergen to Russia.
Investigations of the displacement of red-throated divers from offshore wind farms and the surrounding area formed an important part of the project. Based on the results of these investigations, recommendations for use of marine areas were developed to avoid or reduce negative effects of offshore wind farms and vessel traffic on red-throated divers in important wintering areas.
Please refer to the project page for further information and the results. Here, the final report is available for download.